3 May was proclaimed World Press Freedom Day by the UN General Assembly in 1993 following a recommendation adopted at the UNESCO’s General Conference in 1991. The days serves as an occasion to inform citizens of violence of press freedom and a reminder that in many countries aound the world publications are being censored, journalists, editors and publishers are attacked, detained and murdered. As a committee of the European Youth Press, a network of young media makers with 26 member organisations, gathering 60,000+ young journalists in Europe and beyond, the European Youth Press strives to promote the role of youth media and the freedom of press in Europe.
European Convention on Human Rights
”Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers. This article shall not prevent States from requiring the licensing of broadcasting, television or cinema enterprises.”
– Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights
Below we have listed some interesting publications regarding the freedom of press in world. We wish you a all the best on this 21 World Press Freedom Day!
Freedom of the Press Worldwide in 2014
According to Reporters Without Borders, Finland tops the index for the fourth year running, closely followed by Netherlands and Norway. At the other end of the index, the last three positions are again held by Turkmenistan, North Korea and Eritrea, three countries where freedom of information is non-existent.
The press freedom index published by Reporters Without Borders every year measures the level o ffreedom of information in 180 countries. It reflects the degree of freedom that journalists, news organisations and netizens enjoy in each country, and the efforts made by the authorities to respect and ensure respect for this freedom. Download the full report here.
Journalists killed since 1992
The Committee to Protect Journalists lists the number of journalists killed since 1992.
Enemies of the internet
In the yearly report Enemies of the internet, Reporters Without Borders are identifying government units or agencies rather than entire governments as it allows them to draw attention to the ‘schiizophrenic attitude towards online freedoms that prevails in some countries”.
Interesting for this year’s report is that three of the government bodies named Enemies of the Internet by Reporters Without Borders are located in democracies that “traditionally claimed to respect fundamental freedoms”; the Centre for Telematics in India, the Government Communication Headquarters in the United Kingdom and the National Security Agency in the United States.
Ban Ki-moon and Irina Bokova on journalism
“Journalism provides a platform for informed discussion across a wide range of development issues – from environmental challenges and scientific progress to gender equality, youth engagement and peacebuilding. Only when journalists are at liberty to monitor, investigate and criticize policies and actions can good governance exist.”
– UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
and UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova